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Title: Mechanochemical synthesis of 0.9[0.6Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3 · 0.4Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3] · 0.1PbTiO3
Authors: Wan, D. 
Xue, J. 
Wang, J. 
Issue Date: 2000
Citation: Wan, D.,Xue, J.,Wang, J. (2000). Mechanochemical synthesis of 0.9[0.6Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3 · 0.4Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3] · 0.1PbTiO3. Journal of the American Ceramic Society 83 (1) : 53-59. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Lead zinc niobate-lead magnesium niobate-lead titanate (PNZ-PMN-PT) ceramic powders of perovskite structure have been prepared via a mechanochemical processing route. A single-phase perovskite powder of ultrafine particles in the nanometer range was successfully synthesized when a MZN powder (columbite precursor) was mechanically activated for 10 h together with mixed lead and titanium oxides. The following steps are involved when the ternary oxide mixture is subjected to an increasing degree of mechanical activation. First, the starting materials are significantly refined in particle size as a result of the continuous deformation, fragmentation and then partially amorphized at the initial stage of mechanical activation. This is followed by the formation of perovskite nuclei and subsequent growth of these nuclei in the activated oxide matrix with increasing activation time. When calcined at various temperatures in the range of 500-800°C, pyrochlore phase was not detected by XRD phase analysis in the mechanochemically synthesized powder. Only a minor amount (approx. 2%) of pyrochlore phase was observed when the calcination temperature was raised to 850°C. The PZN-PMN-PT derived from the mechanochemically synthesized powder can be sintered to approx. 98% relative density at a sintering temperature of 950°C. The PZN-PMN-PT sintered at 1100°C for 1 h exhibits a dielectric constant of approx. 18600 and a dielectric loss of 0.015 at the Curie temperature of 112°C when measured at a frequency of 0.1 kHz, together with a d33 value of 323 × 10-12 pC/N.
Source Title: Journal of the American Ceramic Society
ISSN: 00027820
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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