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|Title:||The influence of carbon nanotubes on enzyme activity and structure: Investigation of different immobilization procedures through enzyme kinetics and circular dichroism studies|
|Citation:||Cang-Rong, J.T., Pastorin, G. (2009). The influence of carbon nanotubes on enzyme activity and structure: Investigation of different immobilization procedures through enzyme kinetics and circular dichroism studies. Nanotechnology 20 (25) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/20/25/255102|
|Abstract:||In the last decade, many environmental organizations have devoted their efforts to identifying renewable biosystems, which could provide sustainable fuels and thus enhance energy security. Amidst the myriad of possibilities, some biofuels make use of different types of waste biomasses, and enzymes are often employed to hydrolyze these biomasses and produce sugars that will be subsequently converted into ethanol. In this project, we aimed to bridge nanotechnology and biofuel production: here we report on the activity and structure of the enzyme amyloglucosidase (AMG), physically adsorbed or covalently immobilized onto single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs). In fact, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) present several properties that render them ideal support systems, without the diffusion limitations displayed by porous material and with the advantage of being further functionalizable at their surface. Chemical ligation was achieved both on oxidized nanotubes (via carbodiimide chemistry), as well as on amino-functionalized nanotubes (via periodate-oxidized AMG). Results showed that AMG retained a certain percentage of its specific activity for all enzyme-carbon nanotubes complexes prepared, with the physically adsorbed samples displaying better catalytic efficiency than the covalently immobilized samples. Analysis of the enzyme's structure through circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy revealed significant structural changes in all samples, the degree of change being consistent with the activity profiles. This study proves that AMG interacts differently with carbon nanotubes depending on the method employed. Due to the higher activity reported by the enzyme physically adsorbed onto CNTs, these samples demonstrated a vast potential for further development. At the same time, the possibility of inducing magnetic properties into CNTs offers the opportunity to easily separate them from the original solution. Hence, substances to which they have been attached can be separated from a reaction medium, or directed by an external magnetic field to achieve efficient biofuel production. This paves the way for future design of efficient CNT-enzyme nanostructure bioreactors. © 2009 IOP Publishing Ltd.|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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