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Title: Self-supported chiral titanium cluster (SCTC) as a robust catalyst for the asymmetric cyanation of imines under batch and continuous flow at room temperature
Authors: Seayad, A.M.
Ramalingam, B.
Chai, C.L.L. 
Li, C.
Garland, M.V.
Yoshinaga, K.
Keywords: amino alcohols
asymmetric synthesis
cluster compounds
continuous-flow reactions
Strecker reaction
Issue Date: 27-Apr-2012
Citation: Seayad, A.M., Ramalingam, B., Chai, C.L.L., Li, C., Garland, M.V., Yoshinaga, K. (2012-04-27). Self-supported chiral titanium cluster (SCTC) as a robust catalyst for the asymmetric cyanation of imines under batch and continuous flow at room temperature. Chemistry - A European Journal 18 (18) : 5693-5700. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: A robust heterogeneous self-supported chiral titanium cluster (SCTC) catalyst and its application in the enantioselective imine-cyanation/Strecker reaction is described under batch and continuous processes. One of the major hurdles in the asymmetric Strecker reaction is the lack of availability of efficient and reusable heterogeneous catalysts that work at room temperature. We exploited the readily hydrolyzable nature of titanium alkoxide to synthesize a self-supported chiral titanium cluster (SCTC) catalyst by the controlled hydrolysis of a preformed chiral titanium-alkoxide complex. The isolated SCTC catalysts were remarkably stable and showed up to 98% enantioselectivity (ee) with complete conversion of the imine within 2 h for a wide variety of imines at room temperature. The heterogeneous catalysts were recyclable more than 10 times without any loss in activity or selectivity. The robustness, high performance, and recyclability of the catalyst enabled it to be used in a packed-bed reactor to carry out the cyanation under continuous flow. Up to 97% ee and quantitative conversion with a throughput of 45 mgh -1 were achieved under optimized flow conditions at room temperature in the case of benzhydryl imine. Furthermore, a three-component Strecker reaction was performed under continuous flow by using the corresponding aldehydes and amines instead of the preformed imines. A good product distribution was obtained for the formation of amino nitriles with ee values of up to 98%. Synthetically useful ee values were also obtained for challenging α-branched aliphatic aldehyde by using the three-component continuous Strecker reaction. © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Source Title: Chemistry - A European Journal
ISSN: 09476539
DOI: 10.1002/chem.201200528
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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