Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfm468
Title: Is a standard fixed dose of mycophenolate mofetil ideal for all patients?
Authors: Yau, W.-P. 
Vathsala, A.
Lou, H.-X.
Chan, E. 
Keywords: Asian
Cyclosporine
Mycophenolic acid
Pharmacokinetics
Renal transplant
Weight-adjusted dosing
Issue Date: Dec-2007
Citation: Yau, W.-P., Vathsala, A., Lou, H.-X., Chan, E. (2007-12). Is a standard fixed dose of mycophenolate mofetil ideal for all patients?. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 22 (12) : 3638-3645. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfm468
Abstract: Background. A standard fixed dose of 2 g/day of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), irrespective of total body weight (TBW), is recommended when used in combination with cyclosporine and corticosteroids in renal transplantation. Methods. To determine the optimal MMF dose in a population with wide variation in TBW, steady-state pharmacokinetics of mycophenolic acid (MPA) was performed in 53 Asian (Chinese, Malay, Indian, Eurasian) renal transplant recipients (RTX) receiving MMF [250-1000 mg twice daily (BD)] for at least 3 months. Blood samples were collected at 0, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2 and 6 h after the MMF dose and total MPA quantified using HPLC. Results. Drug exposure, as evaluated by AUC ss, 0-12, demonstrated a significant positive correlation with TBW-adjusted MMF dose (outliers omitted: r2 = 0.49, P < 0.0005). An AUCss, 0-12 of 45 mg h/l could be attained with an MMF dose of 12 mg/kg BD. Conclusion. This study proposes that MMF should be dosed based on TBW rather than a fixed dose regimen in RTX. © The Author [2007]. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of ERA-EDTA. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/106092
ISSN: 09310509
DOI: 10.1093/ndt/gfm468
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