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|Title:||Effects of sucrose, citric buffer and glucose oxidase on the stability of captopril in liquid formulations|
|Source:||Liu, J., Chan, S.Y., Ho, P.C. (1999). Effects of sucrose, citric buffer and glucose oxidase on the stability of captopril in liquid formulations. Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics 24 (2) : 145-150. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2710.1999.00213.x|
|Abstract:||Objective: To study the the effects of sucrose, citric buffer and glucose oxidase on the stability of captopril in liquid formulations. Method: Captopril liquid formulations 1 mg/ml were prepared in various concentrations of syrup with and without citric buffer. The liquid formulations were stored in amber glass bottles at 5°C. Samples were removed from these formulations at 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 10, 15, 20 and 30 days for assay of captopril by a stability-indicating high performance liquid chromatographic method. Results: Our findings indicate that low concentration of citric buffer (0.03 M) had a small stabilising effect on captopril in liquid formulations containing no or low concentration of sucrose (10% w/v). However, in formulations with higher concentrations of sucrose (30 and 85% w/v, respectively), the stabilising effect was not apparent. Captopril in 1 mg/ml formulations containing 0.03 M citric buffer and 10% w/v glucose degraded rapidly in the presence of glucose oxidase. The degradation was particularly evident at higher temperature. Glucose oxidase is an antioxidant, which can extensively reduce oxygen concentration in liquid formulations. Conclusion: The stability of captopril is very sensitive to the presence of excipients. Many excipients can function as catalysts in its degradation. Even in the deficiency of oxygen, its degradation can also be substantial with suitable catalysts present in the liquid formulation.|
|Source Title:||Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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