Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcp.2013.06.036
Title: Efficient numerical methods for computing ground states of spin-1 Bose-Einstein condensates based on their characterizations
Authors: Bao, W. 
Chern, I.-L.
Zhang, Y.
Keywords: Antiferromagnetic
Ferromagnetic
Gradient flow with discrete normalization
Ground state
Single-mode approximation
Spin-1 Bose-Einstein condensate
Issue Date: 5-Nov-2013
Citation: Bao, W., Chern, I.-L., Zhang, Y. (2013-11-05). Efficient numerical methods for computing ground states of spin-1 Bose-Einstein condensates based on their characterizations. Journal of Computational Physics 253 : 189-208. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcp.2013.06.036
Abstract: In this paper, we propose efficient numerical methods for computing ground states of spin-1 Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) with/without the Ioffe-Pritchard magnetic field B(x). When B(x)≠0, a numerical method is introduced to compute the ground states and it is also applied to study properties of ground states. Numerical results suggest that the densities of mF=±1 components in ground states are identical for any nonzero B(x). In particular, if B(x)≡B≠0 is a constant, the ground states satisfy the single-mode approximation. When B(x)≡0, efficient and simpler numerical methods are presented to solve the ground states of spin-1 BECs based on their ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic characterizations. Numerical simulations show that our methods are more efficient than those in the literature. In addition, some conjectures are made from our numerical observations. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.
Source Title: Journal of Computational Physics
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/103183
ISSN: 00219991
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcp.2013.06.036
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