Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1096-4959(01)00356-6
Title: Signal transduction pathways and transcription factors involved in the gonadotropin-releasing hormone-stimulated gonadotropin subunit gene expression
Authors: Ando, H.
Hew, C.L. 
Urano, A.
Keywords: Gonadotropin
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor
Pituitary
Protein kinase C
Ptx1
Salmon
Signal transduction pathway
Sp1
Issue Date: 2001
Source: Ando, H., Hew, C.L., Urano, A. (2001). Signal transduction pathways and transcription factors involved in the gonadotropin-releasing hormone-stimulated gonadotropin subunit gene expression. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - B Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 129 (2-3) : 525-532. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1096-4959(01)00356-6
Abstract: Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) stimulates gonadotropin (GTH) subunit gene expression via G protein-coupled membrane receptors. GnRH-stimulated GTH subunit gene expression is mediated by protein kinase C (PKC) and Ca2+ signaling pathways. Recent numerous reports on signal transduction pathways which are involved in GnRH stimulation of mammalian GTH subunit genes showed differential sensitivity of GTH subunit genes to the two signaling pathways. Our recent studies on salmon GTH (sGTH) IIβ subunit gene showed that its stimulation by GnRH is dependent on the PKC pathway. Furthermore, gel retardation and mutagenesis studies suggested that pituitary homeo box 1 (Ptx1) and Sp1 mediate the GnRH-induced PKC signaling on the sGTHIIβ gene. However, both PKC and Ca2+ pathways are involved in the GnRH-stimulated GTH α and LHβ genes. Different preference to the pathways were often reported in a certain GTH subunit gene in different circumstances, suggesting that molecular targets of the two signaling pathways are different. Ets-related factor and cAMP response element binding protein have been proposed as targets of GnRH signaling on GTH α genes. Sp1 and early growth response protein 1 play pivotal roles in GnRH-stimulated LHβ gene expression in synergism with steroidogenic factor-1 and Ptx1. Activating protein-1 mediates GnRH-induced PKC signaling to stimulate FSHβ gene expression. Therefore, divergent transcription factors are involved in GnRH stimulation of GTH subunit gene expression, and molecular mechanisms of GnRH stimulation may be partially conserved between sGTH IIβ and mammalian LHβ genes. © 2001 Elsevier Science Inc.
Source Title: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - B Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/102543
ISSN: 10964959
DOI: 10.1016/S1096-4959(01)00356-6
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