Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3113.2012.00652.x
Title: The phylogenetic relationships among infraorders and superfamilies of Diptera based on morphological evidence
Authors: Lambkin, C.L.
Sinclair, B.J.
Pape, T.
Courtney, G.W.
Skevington, J.H.
Meier, R. 
Yeates, D.K.
Blagoderov, V.
Wiegmann, B.M.
Issue Date: Jan-2013
Citation: Lambkin, C.L., Sinclair, B.J., Pape, T., Courtney, G.W., Skevington, J.H., Meier, R., Yeates, D.K., Blagoderov, V., Wiegmann, B.M. (2013-01). The phylogenetic relationships among infraorders and superfamilies of Diptera based on morphological evidence. Systematic Entomology 38 (1) : 164-179. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3113.2012.00652.x
Abstract: Members of the megadiverse insect order Diptera (flies) have successfully colonized all continents and nearly all habitats. There are more than 154 000 described fly species, representing 10-12% of animal species. Elucidating the phylogenetic relationships of such a large component of global biodiversity is challenging, but significant advances have been made in the last few decades. Since Hennig first discussed the monophyly of major groupings, Diptera has attracted much study, but most researchers have used non-numerical qualitative methods to assess morphological data. More recently, quantitative phylogenetic methods have been used on both morphological and molecular data. All previous quantitative morphological studies addressed narrower phylogenetic problems, often below the suborder or infraorder level. Here we present the first numerical analysis of phylogenetic relationships of the entire order using a comprehensive morphological character matrix. We scored 371 external and internal morphological characters from larvae, pupae and adults for 42 species, representing all infraorders selected from 42 families. Almost all characters were obtained from previous studies but required revision for this ordinal-level study, with homology assessed beyond their original formulation and across all infraorders. We found significant support for many major clades (including the Diptera, Culicomorpha, Bibionomorpha, Brachycera, Eremoneura, Cyclorrhapha, Schizophora, Calyptratae and Oestroidea) and we summarize the character evidence for these groups. We found low levels of support for relationships between the infraorders of lower Diptera, lower Brachycera and major lineages of lower Cyclorrhapha, and this is consistent with findings from molecular studies. These poorly supported areas of the tree may be due to periods of rapid radiation that left few synapomorphies in surviving lineages. © 2012 The Royal Entomological Society.
Source Title: Systematic Entomology
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/101982
ISSN: 03076970
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3113.2012.00652.x
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

Show full item record
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.

SCOPUSTM   
Citations

44
checked on Oct 11, 2018

WEB OF SCIENCETM
Citations

41
checked on Sep 26, 2018

Page view(s)

38
checked on Sep 21, 2018

Google ScholarTM

Check

Altmetric


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.