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Title: The importance of protected areas for the forest and endemic avifauna of Sulawesi (Indonesia)
Authors: Tien, M.L.
Sodhi, N.S. 
Prawiradilaga, D.M.
Keywords: Biodiversity protection
Conservation value
Reserve network
Southeast Asia
Issue Date: Sep-2007
Citation: Tien, M.L., Sodhi, N.S., Prawiradilaga, D.M. (2007-09). The importance of protected areas for the forest and endemic avifauna of Sulawesi (Indonesia). Ecological Applications 17 (6) : 1727-1741. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Protected areas are critical for the conservation of residual tropical forest biodiversity, yet many of these are being deforested by humans both within and outside of their administrative boundaries. Therefore, it is critical to document the significance of protected areas for conserving tropical biodiversity, particularly in mega-diverse Southeast Asia. We evaluated the importance of protected areas (national parks [NP], nature reserves [NR], and wildlife reserves [WR]) in preserving avifaunal diversity, particularly the endemic and forest species, on the island of Sulawesi. This island has one of the highest numbers of endemic avifauna genera (12) globally and is also experiencing heavy deforestation. Rarefaction analyses and species estimators showed that parks and reserves consistently recorded higher number of forest, endemic, and endemic forest bird species, in addition to larger population densities, than in their surrounding human-modified areas across eight protected areas (Gunung Manembo-nembo WR, Tangkoko-Batu Angus and Dua Saudara NR, Gunung Ambang NR, Bogani Nani Wartabone NP, Gunung Tinombala NR, Gunung Sojol NR, Lore Lindu NP, and Rawa Aopa Watumohai NP). This implies that protecting natural forests must remain as one of the fundamental conservation strategies in Sulawesi. Two small reserves (Gunung Manembo-nembo WR and Tangkoko-Batu Angus and Dua Saudara NR), however, had high number of forest and endemic bird species both within and outside their boundaries, suggesting the importance of buffer areas for augmenting small reserves so as to improve their conservation value. Ordination analyses revealed the differential response of bird species to different environmental factors (e.g., native tree cover), highlighting the significance of forested habitats with dense native vegetation cover for effective conservation of forest dependent and endemic avifauna. In addition, the distinctiveness in bird species composition among protected areas highlights the importance of establishing a reserve network across major altitudinal zones so as to achieve maximum complementarity for the conservation of Sulawesi's unique avifauna. © 2007 by the Ecological Society of America.
Source Title: Ecological Applications
ISSN: 10510761
DOI: 10.1890/06-1256.1
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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