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|Title:||Optics of the ultraviolet reflecting scales of a jumping spider|
|Citation:||Land, M.F., Horwood, J., Lim, M.L.M., Li, D. (2007-07-07). Optics of the ultraviolet reflecting scales of a jumping spider. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 274 (1618) : 1583-1589. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2007.0328|
|Abstract:||The jumping spider Cosmophasis umbratica from Singapore is strongly sexually dimorphic. The males, but not the females, reflect ultraviolet as well as green-orange light. The scales responsible for this are composed of a chitin-air-chitin sandwich in which the chitin layers are three-quarters of a wavelength thick and the air gap a quarter wavelength (where λ = 600 nm, the peak wavelength of the principal reflection maximum). It is shown that this configuration produces a second reflectance peak at approximately 385 nm, accounting for the observed reflection in the ultraviolet. Other scales have a similar thickness of chitin but lack the air gap and thus produce a dull purple reflection. This novel mechanism provides the spiders with two colour signals, both of which are important in mating displays. © 2007 The Royal Society.|
|Source Title:||Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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