Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||Isolation and pharmacological characterization of a phospholipase A 2 myotoxin from the venom of the Irian Jayan death adder (Acanthophis rugosus)|
Phospholipase A 2
|Citation:||Wickramaratna, J.C., Fry, B.G., Aguilar, M.-I., Kini, R.M., Hodgson, W.C. (2003-01). Isolation and pharmacological characterization of a phospholipase A 2 myotoxin from the venom of the Irian Jayan death adder (Acanthophis rugosus). British Journal of Pharmacology 138 (2) : 333-342. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.bjp.0705046|
|Abstract:||1 It has long been thought that death adder venoms are devoid of myotoxic activity based on studies done on Acanthophis antarcticus (Common death adder) venom. However, a recent clinical study reported rhabdomyolysis in patients following death adder envenomations, in Papua New Guinea, by a species thought to be different to A. antarcticus. Consequently, the present study examined A. rugosus (Irian Jayan death adder) venom for myotoxicity, and isolated the first myotoxin (acanmyotoxin-1) from a death adder venom. 2 A. rugosus (10-50 μg ml -1) and acanmyotoxin-1 (MW 13811; 0.1-1 μM) were screened for myotoxicity using the chick directly (0.1 Hz, 2 ms, supramaximal V) stimulated biventer cervicis nerve-muscle (CBCNM) preparation. A significant contracture of skeletal muscle and/or inhibition of direct twitches were considered signs of myotoxicity. This was confirmed by histological examination. 3 High phospholipase A 2 (PLA 2) activity was detected in both A. rugosus venom (140.2±10.4 μmol min -1 mg -1; n=6) and acanmyotoxin-1 (153.4±11 μmol min -1 mg -1; n=6). Both A. rugosus venom (10-50 μg ml -1) and acanmyotoxin-1 (0.1-1 μM) caused dose-dependent inhibition of direct twitches and increase in baseline tension (n=4-6). In addition, dose-dependent morphological changes in skeletal muscle were observed. 4 Prior incubation (10 min) of CSL death adder antivenom (5 units ml -1; n=4) or inactivation of PLA 2 activity with 4-bromophenacyl bromide (1.8 mM; n=4) prevented the myotoxicity caused by acanmyotoxin-1 (1 μM). 5 Acanmyotoxin-1 (0.1 μM; n=4) displayed no significant neurotoxicity when it was examined using the indirectly (0.1 Hz, 0.2 ms, supramaximal V) stimulated CBCNM preparation. 6 In conclusion, clinicians may need to be mindful of possible myotoxicity following death adder envenomation in Irian Jaya.|
|Source Title:||British Journal of Pharmacology|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
Show full item record
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
checked on Nov 11, 2018
WEB OF SCIENCETM
checked on Oct 23, 2018
checked on Nov 9, 2018
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.