Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2009.01663.x
Title: Conservation value of cacao agroforestry for amphibians and reptiles in South-East Asia: Combining correlative models with follow-up field experiments
Authors: Wanger, T.C.
Saro, A.
Iskandar, D.T.
Brook, B.W.
Sodhi, N.S. 
Clough, Y.
Tscharntke, T.
Keywords: Agriculture
Bayesian modelling
Climate change
Herpetofauna
Hierarchical regression
Indonesia
Land-use change
Sulawesi
Issue Date: Aug-2009
Citation: Wanger, T.C., Saro, A., Iskandar, D.T., Brook, B.W., Sodhi, N.S., Clough, Y., Tscharntke, T. (2009-08). Conservation value of cacao agroforestry for amphibians and reptiles in South-East Asia: Combining correlative models with follow-up field experiments. Journal of Applied Ecology 46 (4) : 823-832. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2009.01663.x
Abstract: Although agricultural expansion is a primary threat to tropical biodiversity, experimental studies evaluating the conservation value of tropical agricultural habitats are scarce. In particular, little is known about the sensitivity of amphibians and reptiles to habitat disturbance in areas of very high diversity such as South-East Asia. We used a two-step approach to determine the relationship between habitat complexity and conservation value of cacao agroforestry for herpetological diversity in Sulawesi (Indonesia). Indonesia is the third largest cacao-exporting country globally and forest conversion to cacao plantations is a major threat to its biodiversity. We first sampled 43 cacao plantations six times to determine the environmental variables that best explained herpetofaunal diversity patterns using a Bayesian model selection approach. Based on these results, we experimentally manipulated leaf litter thickness (LLT), number of branch piles (LOGS) and LLT + LOGS combinations in the cacao plots. The experimental data were analysed using Bayesian hierarchical regression. The best supported correlative models incorporated LLT, LOGS, air temperature and the ratio between leaf litter and shrub cover, showing the importance of habitat heterogeneity and suggesting climate change sensitivity. The subsequent structural manipulation of these attributes changed amphibian and reptile species richness, and reptile abundance, but only addition of leaf litter did so in a biologically meaningful way, providing microhabitat resources. However, the main beneficiaries were common disturbance-tolerant reptiles. Synthesis and applications. The different results from the correlative model and the independent manipulative experiments showed how important such a combined approach is to derive adequate conservation management recommendations. Increasing leaf litter in cacao agroforestry will work best if implemented on a landscape scale to incorporate sufficient environmental variation and species life histories. This will mainly enhance the richness and abundance of disturbance-tolerant species, which still may maintain ecosystem functions such as pest removal. Particularly for rare species, native forests remain critical for herpetological richness. The direct temperature sensitivity suggests that future climate change impacts may be severe for herpetological diversity in plantation habitats and, hence, demand further research. © 2009 British Ecological Society.
Source Title: Journal of Applied Ecology
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/100328
ISSN: 00218901
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2664.2009.01663.x
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

Show full item record
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.

SCOPUSTM   
Citations

30
checked on Sep 11, 2018

WEB OF SCIENCETM
Citations

30
checked on Sep 11, 2018

Page view(s)

38
checked on Jul 20, 2018

Google ScholarTM

Check

Altmetric


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.