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|Title:||Concerted Regulation of Cell Dynamics by BNIP-2 and Cdc42GAP Homology/Sec14p-like, Proline-rich, and GTPase-activating Protein Domains of a Novel Rho GTPase-activating Protein, BPGAP1|
|Citation:||Shang, X., Zhou, Y.T., Low, B.C. (2003-11-14). Concerted Regulation of Cell Dynamics by BNIP-2 and Cdc42GAP Homology/Sec14p-like, Proline-rich, and GTPase-activating Protein Domains of a Novel Rho GTPase-activating Protein, BPGAP1. Journal of Biological Chemistry 278 (46) : 45903-45914. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M304514200|
|Abstract:||RhoA, Cdc42, and Rac1 are small GTPases that regulate cytoskeletal reorganization leading to changes in cell morphology and cell motility. Their signaling pathways are activated by guanine nucleotide exchange factors and inactivated by GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs). We have identified a novel RhoGAP, BPGAP1 (for BNIP-2 and Cdc42GAP Homology (BCH) domain-containing, Proline-rich and Cdc42GAP-like protein subtype-1), that is ubiquitously expressed and shares 54% sequence identity to Cdc42GAP/p50RhoGAP. BPGAP1 selectively enhanced RhoA GTPase activity in vivo although it also interacted strongly with Cdc42 and Rac1. "Pull-down" and co-immunoprecipitation studies indicated that it formed homophilic or heterophilic complexes with other BCH domain-containing proteins. Fluorescence studies of epitope-tagged BPGAP1 revealed that it induced pseudopodia and increased migration of MCF7 cells. Formation of pseudopodia required its BCH and GAP domains but not the proline-rich region, and was differentially inhibited by coexpression of the constitutively active mutant of RhoA, or dominant negative mutants of Cdc42 and Rac1. However, the mutant without the proline-rich region failed to confer any increase in cell migration despite the induction of pseudopodia. Our findings provide evidence that cell morphology changes and migration are coordinated via multiple domains in BPGAP1 and present a novel mode of regulation for cell dynamics by a RhoGAP protein.|
|Source Title:||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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