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|Title:||Changes in tissue free amino acid contents, branchial Na+/K +-ATPase activity and bimodal breathing pattern in the freshwater climbing perch, Anabas testudineus (Bloch), during seawater acclimation|
|Citation:||Chang, E.W.Y.,Ai, M.L.,Wai, P.W.,Shit, F.C.,Wilson, J.M.,Yuen, K.I. (2007-12-01). Changes in tissue free amino acid contents, branchial Na+/K +-ATPase activity and bimodal breathing pattern in the freshwater climbing perch, Anabas testudineus (Bloch), during seawater acclimation. Journal of Experimental Zoology Part A: Ecological Genetics and Physiology 307 (12) : 708-723. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1002/jez.424|
|Abstract:||This study aimed to examine effects of short- or long-term acclimation to brackish water or seawater on the climbing perch, Anabas testudineus, which is an aquatic air-breathing teleost living typically in freshwater. A. testudineus exhibits hypoosmotic and hypoinoic osmoregulation; the plasma osmolality, [Na+] and [Cl-] of fish acclimated to seawater were consistently lower than those of the external medium. However, during short-term (1 day) exposure to brackish water (15‰) or seawater (30‰), these three parameters increased significantly. There were also significant increases in tissue ammonia and urea contents, contents of certain free amino acids (FAAs) in the muscle, and rates of ammonia and urea excretion in the experimental fish. The accumulated FAAs might have a transient role in cell volume regulation. In addition, these results indicate that increases in protein degradation and amino acid catabolism had occurred, possibly providing energy for the osmoregulatory acclimation of the gills in fish exposed to salinity stress. Indeed, there was a significant increase in the branchial Na +/K+-ATPase activity in fish exposed to seawater for a prolonged period (7 days), and the plasma osmolality, [Na+] and [Cl-] and the tissue FAA contents of these fish returned to control levels. More importantly, there was a significant increase in the dependence on water-breathing in fish acclimated to seawater for 7 days. This suggests for the first time that A. testudineus could alter its bimodal breathing pattern to facilitate the functioning of branchial Na+/K+-ATPase for osmoregulatory purposes. © 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.|
|Source Title:||Journal of Experimental Zoology Part A: Ecological Genetics and Physiology|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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