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|Title:||Both seawater acclimation and environmental ammonia exposure lead to increases in mRNA expression and protein abundance of Na +:K +:2Cl - cotransporter in the gills of the climbing perch, Anabas testudineus|
|Keywords:||Active ammonia excretion|
Na +:K +:2Cl - cotransporter
|Source:||Loong, A.M., Chew, S.F., Wong, W.P., Lam, S.H., Ip, Y.K. (2012-05). Both seawater acclimation and environmental ammonia exposure lead to increases in mRNA expression and protein abundance of Na +:K +:2Cl - cotransporter in the gills of the climbing perch, Anabas testudineus. Journal of Comparative Physiology B: Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology 182 (4) : 491-506. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00360-011-0634-7|
|Abstract:||The freshwater climbing perch, Anabas testudineus, is an obligatory air-breathing teleost which can acclimate to seawater, survive long period of emersion, and actively excrete ammonia against high concentrations of environmental ammonia. This study aimed to clone and sequence the Na +:K +:2Cl - cotransporter (nkcc) from the gills of A. testudineus, and to determine the effects of seawater acclimation or exposure to 100 mmol l -1 NH 4Cl in freshwater on its branchial mRNA expression. The complete coding cDNA sequence of nkcc from the gills of A. testudineus consisted of 3,495 bp, which was translated into a protein with 1,165 amino acid residues and an estimated molecular mass of 127.4 kDa. A phylogenetic analysis revealed that the translated Nkcc of A. testudineus was closer to fish Nkcc1a than to fish Nkcc1b or Nkcc2. After a progressive increase in salinity, there were significant increases in the mRNA expression and protein abundance of nkcc1a in the gills of fish acclimated to seawater as compared with that of the freshwater control. Hence, it can be concluded that similar to marine teleosts, Cl - excretion through basolateral Nkcc1 of mitochondrion-rich cells (MRCs) was essential to seawater acclimation in A. testudineus. Exposure of A. testudineus to 100 mmol l -1 NH 4Cl for 1 or 6 days also resulted in significant increases in the mRNA expression of nkcc1a in the gills, indicating a functional role of Nkcc1a in active ammonia excretion. It is probable that NH 4 + enter MRCs through basolateral Nkcc1a before being actively transported across the apical membrane. Since the operation of Nkcc1a would lead to an increase in the intracellular Na + concentration, it can be deduced that an upregulation of basolateral Na +/K +-ATPase (Nka) activity would be necessary to compensate for the increased influx of Na + into MRCs during active NH 4 + excretion. This would imply that the main function of Nka in active NH 4 + excretion is to maintain intracellular Na + and K + homeostasis instead of transporting NH 4 + directly into MRCs as proposed previously. In conclusion, active salt secretion during seawater acclimation and active NH 4 + excretion during exposure to ammonia in freshwater could involve similar transport mechanisms in the gills of A. testudineus. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.|
|Source Title:||Journal of Comparative Physiology B: Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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