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|Title:||BNIP-Sα induces cell rounding and apoptosis by displacing p50RhoGAP and facilitating RhoA activation via its unique motifs in the BNIP-2 and Cdc42GAP homology domain|
|Authors:||Zhou, Y.T. |
|Source:||Zhou, Y.T., Guy, G.R., Low, B.C. (2006-04-13). BNIP-Sα induces cell rounding and apoptosis by displacing p50RhoGAP and facilitating RhoA activation via its unique motifs in the BNIP-2 and Cdc42GAP homology domain. Oncogene 25 (16) : 2393-2408. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.onc.1209274|
|Abstract:||Changes in cell morphology are linked to many cellular events including cytokinesis, differentiation, migration and apoptosis. We recently showed that BNIP-Sα induced cell rounding that leads to apoptosis via its BNIP-2 and Cdc42GAP Homology (BCH) domain, but the underlying mechanism has not been determined. Here, we have identified a unique region (amino acid 133-177) of the BNIP-Sα BCH domain that targets RhoA, but not Cdc42 or Rac1 and only the dominant-negative form of RhoA could prevent the resultant cell rounding and apoptotic effect. The RhoA-binding region consists of two parts; one region (residues 133-147) that shows some homology to part of the RhoA switch I region and an adjacent sequence (residues 148-177) that resembles the REM class I RhoA-binding motif. The sequence 133-147 is also necessary for its heterophilic interaction with the BCH domain of the Rho GTPase-activating protein, p50RhoGAP/ Cdc42GAP. These overlapping motifs allow tripartite competition such that overexpression of BNIP-Sα could reduce p50RhoGAP binding to RhoA and restore RhoA activation. Furthermore, BNIP-Sα mutants lacking the RhoA-binding motif completely failed to induce cell rounding and apoptosis. Therefore, via unique binding motifs within its BCH domain, BNIP-Sα could interact and activate RhoA while preventing its inhibition by p50RhoGAP. This concerted mechanism could allow effective propagation of the RhoA pathway for cell rounding and apoptosis. © 2006 Nature Publishing Group All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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