Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.01780
Title: An investigation of the role of carbonic anhydrase in aquatic and aerial gas transfer in the African lungfish Protopterus dolloi
Authors: Perry, S.F.
Gilmour, K.M.
Swenson, E.R.
Vulesevic, B.
Chew, S.F.
Ip, Y.K. 
Keywords: Acetazolamide
Benzolamide
Breathing
Carbon dioxide excretion
Carbonic anhydrase
Gill
Lung
Lungfish
Oxygen uptake
Protopterus dolloi
Issue Date: Oct-2005
Source: Perry, S.F., Gilmour, K.M., Swenson, E.R., Vulesevic, B., Chew, S.F., Ip, Y.K. (2005-10). An investigation of the role of carbonic anhydrase in aquatic and aerial gas transfer in the African lungfish Protopterus dolloi. Journal of Experimental Biology 208 (19) : 3805-3815. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.01780
Abstract: Experiments were performed on bimodally breathing African lungfish Protopterus dolloi to examine the effects of inhibition of extracellular vs total (extracellular and intracellular) carbonic anhydrase (CA) activity on pulmonary and branchial/cutaneous gas transfer. In contrast to previous studies on Protopterus, which showed that the vast majority of CO2 is excreted into the water through the gill and/or skin whereas O2 uptake largely occurs via the lung, P. dolloi appeared to use the lung for the bulk of both O2 uptake (91.0±2.9%) and CO2 excretion (76.0±6.6%). In support of the lung as the more important site of CO2 transfer, aerial hypercapnia (PCO2=40 mmHg) caused a significant rise in partial pressure of arterial blood CO2 (Pa CO2) whereas a similar degree of aquatic hypercapnia was without effect on PaCO2. Intravascular injection of low levels (1.2 mg kg-1) of the slowly permanent CA inhibitor, benzolamide, was without effect on red blood cell CA activity after 30 min, thus confirming its suitability as a short-term selective inhibitor of extracellular CA. Benzolamide treatment did not affect CO2 excretion, blood acid-base status or any other measured variable within the 30 min measurement period. Injection of the permeant CA inhibitor acetazolamide (30 mg kg-1) resulted in the complete inhibition of red cell CA activity within 10 min. However, CO 2 excretion (measured for 2 h after injection) and arterial blood acid-base status (assessed for 24 h after injection) were unaffected by acetazolamide treatment. Intra-arterial injection of bovine CA (2 mg kg -1) caused a significant increase in overall CO2 excretion (from 0.41±0.03 to 0.58±0.03 mmol kg-1 h-1) and an increase in air breathing frequency (from 19.0±1.3 to 24.7±1.8 breaths min-1) that was accompanied by a slight, but significant, reduction in PaCO2 (from 21.6±1.6 to 19.6±1.8 mmHg). The findings of this study are significant because they (i) demonstrate that, unlike in other species of African lungfish that have been examined, the gill/skin is not the major route of CO2 excretion in P. dolloi, and (ii) suggest that CO2 excretion in Protopterus may be less reliant on carbonic anhydrase than in most other fish species.
Source Title: Journal of Experimental Biology
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/100074
ISSN: 00220949
DOI: 10.1242/jeb.01780
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